Steve Jobs 1955-2011
Steve Jobs, the co-founder of Apple, has died at the age of 56.
The technology pioneer was first diagnosed with pancreatic cancer back in 2003 but refused surgery until 2004 and underwent a liver transplant in 2009. After three periods of sickness leave from the company, Mr Jobs resigned as CEO in August 2011. During his time with Apple, he revolutionised the market, launching innovative products and famously stating: "A lot of times, people don't know what they want until you show it to them."
The success of Apple
Establishing Apple in 1976 with childhood friend, Steve Wozniak; the pair was responsible for launching the first personal computer in 1977, the Apple II. The product became an instant hit with sales in excess of 6 million before production ended in 1993. However, a downturn in sales and internal power struggles saw Mr Jobs removed from the company in 1985.
He founded NeXT Computer in 1985 and acquired Graphics Group a year later which was rebranded as Pixar Animation Studios and teamed up with Walt Disney Studios in 1991. The partnership became famous in 1995 for the animated feature film Toy Story, grossing more than $350 million (£236 million) worldwide. The company then went on to produce a number of other hit films including A Bug's Life, Finding Nemo and Monsters, Inc.
Mr Jobs returned to Apple and in 1997 became the company's chief executive officer with the aim of trying to tackle the company's tumbling sales. Apple's transformation came from a string of cleverly designed products at the cutting edge of technology.
The iPod, launched in 2001, with its distinctive look and white headphones set the benchmark in the portable music industry. The company then established iTunes, allowing users the ability to download music directly to their computer that ultimately led to the collapse of CD sales around the world.
In 2007, the company revolutionised the smartphone market with the launch of the iPhone. The iPhone 4 was released in 2010 and quickly became the world's best selling smartphone. Only a day before his death, led by the company's new CEO Tim Cook, Apple introduced the iPhone 4S showing their commitment to innovation after Jobs' resignation.
On this day, many have paid tribute to Steve Jobs including US President Barack Obama, Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates and Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg.
Tim Cook, Apple CEO, said: "Steve leaves behind a company that only he could have built, and his spirit will forever be the foundation of Apple".
Tom Glass, creative director at theEword, stated: "The death of Steve Jobs is a massive loss to the industry. His innovative ideas have changed the world of technology forever. Given his strong involvement with the company, it will be interesting to see how Apple continues to develop over the coming years without his involvement."